What role does leadership play in the turnaround and improvement of low performing schools? ‘School turnaround’ is an intervention and leadership initiative that helps heads of schools and principals “turn around” underperforming schools in Malaysia and Indonesia. This ongoing project aims to examine current practices of school leaders in Indonesia and Malaysia to improve school academic performance. It will build a knowledge base about education, leadership and school improvement in the Southeast Asian context, and deduce principles, strategies and approaches for policy-makers and practitioners. The research is led by The HEAD Foundation (THF) Fellow Dr Alma Harris with Dr Michelle Jones as the co-Principal Investigator. The project began in June 2016 and is managed by Dr. Uma Natarajan, THF Principal Researcher.